Within the UN System

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One Leader/ One Team

The United Nations Resident Coordinator and the United Nations Country Team act as one leadership to carry responsibility for the role and results of the UN in Cambodia. The one leadership coordinates UN efforts, resulting in a stronger and more effective UN presence on the issues and challenges that affect Cambodia most deeply.


United Nations Country Team (UNCT)


Composed of heads of all resident and non-resident UN agencies, funds and programmes, the UNCT is the highest inter-agency coordination and joint decision-making body at the country level. The main purpose of the Country Team is for individual agencies to plan and work together to ensure the delivery of tangible results in support of the development agenda of the Government effectively.


Reporting directly to the UNCT, theme groups, task forces and joint teams are established around cross-cutting issues, including UN Theme Group on Gender, UN Theme Group on Human Rights, Joint UN Team on HIV/AIDS and UN Youth Task Force. The thematic groups/task forces/joint teams promote coherence in programming to maximize synergies and support progress on UNDAF results and alignment with national priorities.


United Nations Resident Coordinator (UNRC)


The Resident Coordinator(RC) is the leader of the UNCT and plays a central role in making possible the coordination of UN operational activities for development at the country level in support to national priorities and capacity building. As the designated representative of – and reporting to – the Secretary-General, the RC ensures effective advocacy of the core values, standards, principles and activities of the UN system.


One Programme

The One Programme unifies the UN system under one national development strategy/plan, enabling better coordination and more effective use of the combined ideas and skills, institutional experiences and capacities of all UN entities.


United Nations Development Assistance Framework (UNDAF)


The United Nations Development Assistance Framework (UNDAF) is 
the basis of the One Programme. It is the strategic programme framework for the United Nation Country Team (UNCT) in Cambodia that describes the collective
 vision and response of the UN system 
to national development priorities and defines how the UNCT will contribute to the achievement of development results, based on an analysis/assessment of country needs and UN comparative advantages.

The UNDAF was developed through an interactive, consultative process and is fully aligned with national priorities and the national development cycle.

For more details about the UNDAF, please click here.


Joint Programmes


To address complex development challenges, a joint programme may be established when it maximizes leverage, clarity on programmatic scope, donor interest, thresholds, preferred funding flow and accountability. UN joint programmes represent a set of contained activities set out in a common work plan with a common budget. They bring together 2 or more organizations working towards common results aligned with national priorities as reflected in the UNDAF.


For more details about Joint Programmes, please click here.


One management practice brings cost-effective common operations and service support. Streamlined UN business systems and pooled support services cut down transaction costs and helps the UN to deliver more for less. This approach is carried out through the below mechanisms.


Programme Management Team (PMT)


UNCT members are invited to join the country-level Operations Management Team (OMT), with the understanding that until business practices are fully harmonized at global level the agency- specific rules and procedures will continue to apply.


Parallel to the formulation of the One Programme, the Operations Management Team, on behalf of the UN Country Team, develops a vision and strategy for common operations on a scalable and prioritized basis to support the implementation of the One Programme, aiming for enhanced development results, strengthened reputation, reduced operational costs, increased quality of business services and enhanced transparency and accountability.


The UN Country Team develops the Business Operations Strategy (BOS) in support
 of achieving the One Programme objectives. Through the strategy, the UN Country Team identifies and prioritizes existing operational capacities and services to be harmonized, pooled or jointly strengthened in support of the One Programme.


Security Management Team (SMT)


The Security Management Team (SMT) meets monthly to discuss issues related to safety and security of staff, including emergency medical evacuation, in-country travel, the UN warden system, and office and residential security.


One Management Practice

One Communication and Advocacy

Communicating as one is critical for ensuring clear and consistent strategic positioning of the UN and its vision at the country level. It plays an important role in building support for the successful implementation of the One Programme.


UN Communication Group (UNCG)


An inter-agency network of communication officers from all 23 agencies, known as the UN Communication Group (UNCG), implements the joint work plan, coordinated by the UN Communication and Advocacy Officer, based in the Office of the UN Resident Coordinator.


Joint UN Communication and Advocacy Strategy


Joint communication is coordinated through a Joint UN Communication and Advocacy Strategy, which provides the foundation for the UN to speak with One Voice and engage in strategic internal and external relations. The strategy is accompanied by an annual work plan, which captures the communication and advocacy aspects of the UNCT as well as global UN communication and advocacy priorities.


One Learning

Effective coordination requires investing in staff learning and development. Meanwhile, learning opportunities help UN staff build their skills and professional networks.


UN orientation sessions for new and old staff from across all UN agencies are held twice each year and introduce staff to the concept of how they can contribute to UN coordination in their daily work. The sessions also allow time for informal networking where staff can learn more about the work of other agencies and identify areas for possible collaboration.


Joint learning and training sessions are also conducted to build the capacity of staff. A UN staff learning needs assessment is conducted annually to determine the learning needs of staff across the UN system. A UN learning management team, coordinated by the Office of the UN Resident Coordinator, helps to consolidate the findings into the UN Learning Programme, funded by organisation cost-share contributions based on staff numbers. A central UN Learning Manager locates resource trainers, both internal and external, and coordinates the joint learning sessions. The learning programme covers a wide range of topics such as Monitoring and Evaluation (M&E), aid effectiveness in the Cambodian context, stress management, media relations, effective communications, gender mainstreaming, first aid, women and migration and pandemic preparedness.